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1992 Manfred Lachs Space Law Moot Court Competition

The inaugural competition was organised by the Association of U.S. Members of the IISL and three law schools in the Washington area were invited to participate.  The final was held on 2 September 1992 at Georgetown University.  The 1992 final was unique in that both teams were from George Washington University.

The 1992 problem, Case Concerning Recovery and Return of Non-Functional Satellites (Beta v Astra), was written by Lt. Col. Kenneth Schwetje and Dr Skip Smith (U.S.).

Lt. Col. F. Kenneth Schwetje
(United States, 1947-2003)

For more information about the competition, please visit the dedicated website at


George Washington University (United States)
S. Alexandrov and T. H. Cohen


George Washington University (United States)
S. Hawk and P. Borys

Members of the International Court of Justice judging the World Finals

Judge Manfred Lachs (Poland)
Judge Stephen Schwebel (United States)
Judge Gilbert Guillaume (France)

Semi-Finals Judges

H. DeSaussure
F. Lyall
R. Jakhu


non-functional satellites, liability for damage, ownership claims

1992 Problem

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1993 competition
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